WERK12, Munich, Germany
MVRDV celebrated the completion and opening of WERK12, a in a ceremony held yesterday evening. Forming the nucleus of the Werksviertel-Mitte district, an urban regeneration plan on a former industrial site, the 7,700m2 mixed-used development located close to Munich’s East Station stands out with its bold and expressive art façade featuring five-metre-tall verbal expressions found in German comics. The design of WERK12 combines a simple form, honest materials, and transparent façades. Users can move around the building in multiple ways: the design’s external circulation core on the building’s northeastern side is supplemented by 3.25-metre-wide terraces that surround each floor of the building. These are connected by external staircases curling around the building to connect these generous open spaces (a playful reference to one of MVRDV’s most famous early projects, the Dutch Pavilion at the Expo2000 in Hanover). This public route up the building blurs the distinction between interior and exterior, placing the interior spaces in conversation with exterior balconies. These are additionally finished in the same material as the ground-level sidewalks to emphasise their status as part of the public area of the building.
The façade is animated by an urban art piece developed in tandem with local artists Christian Engelmann and Beate Engl, comprising bold lettering spelling out common expressions taken from the German version of Donald Duck comics. This 5-metre-tall lettering, and the colloquial nature of the expressions chosen, are a tribute to the graffiti culture and extensive use of signage found on the old site. At night, the appearance of the building is transformed by its illumination strategy. Simple geometries and honest materials morph into a vibrant lightshow.
“The area of the Werksviertel-Mitte district has already undergone such interesting changes, transforming from a potato factory to a legendary entertainment district,” says founding partner of MVRDV Jacob van Rijs. “With our design, we wanted to respect and celebrate that history, while also creating a foundation for the next chapter. WERK12 is stylish and cool on one hand, but on the other it doesn’t take itself so seriously – it’s not afraid to say ‘PUH’ to passers-by!”
The five floors of the building are occupied by restaurants and bars on the ground floor, the offices of Audi Business Innovations on the top floor, and a three-storey gym in between that includes one storey dedicated to a swimming pool. WERK12’s floor-to-ceiling glass walls, combined with its location near to the train station, provide the upper levels with stunning views towards central Munich, punctuated in places by the lettering on the building’s terraces – many of which take on a new meaning when read in reverse. A key to the design was in the flexibility of the spaces. The building’s extra-high ceilings – with 5.5 metres between each floor – allows for mezzanines or other level changes to be added by future users. The placement of the circulation on the outside of the building means that the interiors can be easily reconfigured, while also providing structural stability through the use of the diagonal staircases.
在前工業區的都市更新計劃區域 Werksviertel-Mitte，慕尼黑東站旁這座佔地 7,700 平方公尺的綜合開發中心形成區域核心，其表現主義藝術外牆上裝飾著五公尺高的德國漫畫常見用語，極為大膽而醒目。WERK12 的設計結合了簡單的造型、建材的原貌和透明的外觀。使用者可以透過多種方式在建築物中移動：建築物東北側的外側流動核心由圍繞各層的 3.25 公尺寬陽台支援，陽台則由環繞建築物的戶外樓梯串聯，以連接這些寬敞的開放空間（MVRDV最知名的早期設計案之一──漢諾威 2000 博覽會荷蘭館即為其中一個有趣的例子）。
外牆裝飾著與當地藝術家克里斯提安·英格曼（Christian Engelmann）和畢亞特·安格爾（Beate Engl）共同開發的城市藝術動畫，內容為以粗體字拼出德國版唐老鴨漫畫常見用語，特別以這些五公尺高的字詞以及所選用語的口語性，向塗鴉文化和原場址常見用的標語致敬。到了晚上，建築物的外觀會因照明而改變。簡單的幾何造型和原始的建材都會變成活潑的燈光秀。這棟大樓共五層，一樓為餐廳和酒吧，頂樓是奧迪商業創意中心辦公室，中間三層樓為運動場館，其中一整層為游泳池。WERK12 的落地玻璃牆，以及鄰近火車站的位置，使得高樓層能坐擁慕尼黑市中心的美麗景色。此外，有些點因陽台外的字母更添趣味，因為其中許多從背後閱讀時會發現新含義。
Founding Partner:：Winy Maas, Jacob van Rijs, Nathalie de Vries
Character of Space：Gym˙Bars˙Restaurant˙Offices
Client：OTEC GmbH & Co. KG
Principal Materials：Glass Wall
Photos：© Ossip van Duivenbode
主要建築師：威尼˙馬斯 雅各布˙凡˙里杰斯 娜塔莉˙德弗里斯
業主：OTEC GmbH & Co. KG