Landscape intervention in the Almadraba de Nueva Umbría, Huelva, Spain
Located in the protected natural area of the Flecha del Rompido, the Real de la Almadraba was built in 1929 after four centuries of this technique of tuna fishing on the Huelva coast. The intervention acts on the industrial pieces and is completed with a new pedestrian path that joins the two banks of La Flecha. The rehabilitation is divided into two areas, the ruin of the jetty and the diesel booth, and the boiler, the chimney and the tar pit, in a better state of conservation.
From the trace of the old jetty, using its remains as a foundation, a perimeter wall of cyclopean concrete has been built with grauwaca stone from the place by layers that took advantage of the low tide for its implementation. These walls are reinforced with fiberglass instead of steel to avoid corrosion problems and they are braced by a lower and an upper floor for absorbing the strong horizontal thrusts of the river current. On the other hand, the rehabilitation of the boiler, the chimney, the tar pit and the drain, has started from philological criteria, thanks to the fact that its state of conservation allowed us to deduce the construction techniques and the finishes that had been presented in the past. The restoration has been carried out with hauling ceramic pieces found on the site, thus reducing the need to supply material and guaranteeing the compatibility of its behavior. The ceramic walls are finished with lime mortars and silicate paint that will favor the transpiration and It gives the whole an appearance of white volumes that stood out in the landscape.
The third intervention in the area of the Real de la Almadraba enables an accessible path between the two banks of La Flecha. The high landscape value of this protected natural area suggests carrying out a reversible installation by means of a wooden pedestrian path that gradually enters the thicket of broom shrubs. The geometry of this walkway results from crossing the two powerful dune ridges that precede the Atlantic Ocean. This powerful railing protects the flora of jonquil, thistle, lily and sea caterpillar and the nesting of harriers, storks and egrets.
The project for this protected landscape and architectural complex has sought to recover the industrial significance of the Almadraba fishing process. We tried to reveal the patrimonial and ethnological heritage of a former fishing technique that coexisted with the landscape of the Huelva coast.
Principal Architects：María González García．Juanjo López de la Cruz
Contractor：Maralva. Construcciones y Obra civil. SL
Principal Structure：Fiberglass．Ceramic pieces．Wood