Beijing Daxing International Airport, China

中國北京 大興國際機場

Zaha Hadid Architects|札哈.哈蒂建築師事務所

Beijing Daxing International Airport is a new airport in the Daxing district 46 km south of the city centre (20 minutes by express train). Developed to alleviate congestion at the capital's existing airport, Beijing Daxing will be a major transport hub for the region with the world's fastest growing demand for international travel and is fully integrated within the country's expanding transport network. 


北京大興國際機場(Beijing Daxing International Airport)是一座全新機場,位於市中心以南46公里的大興區(乘快車需時20分鐘)。為緩解首都現有機場的交通雍塞現象而開發的北京大興機場,將成為當地主要交通樞紐,因應其全球增長最快的國際旅行需求,並將完全融入該國不斷擴大的交通路網中。

Beijing Daxing's 700,000 m² passenger terminal includes an 80,000 m² ground transportation centre offering direct connections to Beijing, the national high-speed rail network and local train services, providing a catalyst for economic development in Tianjin and Hebei Province. Echoing principles within traditional Chinese architecture that organise interconnected spaces around a central courtyard, the terminal's design guides all passengers seamlessly through the relevant departure, arrival or transfer zones towards the grand courtyard at its centre – a multi-layered meeting space at the heart of the terminal. 


北京大興航站占地 700,000 平方公尺,其中的地面運輸中心面積 80,000 平方公尺,可直接連接北京地鐵、全國高鐵和當地鐵路,可望成為天津和河北省經濟發展的催化劑。航站的設計呼應中國傳統建築的空間發展原則,以中央庭院相互連結,引導所有旅客順暢地通過相關出境、入境或轉機區域,直達中央大廳──一個位於航廈中央的多樓層交流空間。

Six flowing forms within the terminal's vaulted roof reach to the ground to support the structure and bring natural light within, directing all passengers towards the central courtyard. Natural light also enters the terminal via a network of linear skylights that provide an intuitive system of navigation throughout the building, guiding passengers to and from their departure gates. Structural spans of up to 100 m create the terminal's generous public spaces and allow the highest degree of flexibility for any future reconfiguration. The compact radial design of the terminal allows a maximum number of aircraft to be parked directly at the terminal with minimum distances from the centre of the building, providing exceptional convenience for passengers and flexibility in operations. 


航站拱頂以六種流線造型延伸至地面,兼具支撐建物、為室內引入自然光以及將所有乘客指引向中央大廳的功能。另一個為廳內引入自然光的設計是線形天窗網格,它同時也是遍佈整個建築的直覺性導航系統,可引導旅客往返登機口。最長達 100 公尺的結構跨度為這座航站創造了寬敞的公共空間,並為將來重新配置空間提供了最大的靈活度。善用空間的輻射狀設計可讓直接停在航站的飛機數量最大化的同時,最小化航廈與中央大廳的距離,為乘客提供了極大的便利性,也為航站操作提供了靈活度。

79 gates with airbridges connect directly to the terminal which can rapidly process the passengers of six full A380 aircraft simultaneously. Five aircraft piers radiate directly from the terminal's main central court where all passenger services and amenities are located, enabling passengers to walk the comparatively short distances through the airport without the need for automated shuttle trains. As a result, the terminal's compact design minimises distances between check-in and gate, as well as connections between gates for transferring passengers. This radial configuration ensures the farthest boarding gate can be accessed in a walking time of less than 8 minutes.


79 個登機口以空橋直接連接至航站,可同時快速消化六架 A380 飛機滿座的乘客。五個候機廊以輻射狀直接連接至所有旅客服務與設施所在的中央大廳,使得旅客只要步行短距離即可通過機場,無需搭乘自動接駁車,同時也縮短了報到區與登機口的距離,以及轉機時登機口與登機口間的距離,即使最遠的登機口也可確保在 8 分鐘之內步行抵達。


Principal Architects:Zaha Hadid.Patrik Schumacher
Character of Space:Airport
Client:Beijing New Airport Construction Headquarters
Airport Terminal: 700,000 m²
Ground Transportation Centre: 80,000 m²
Location:Daxing, Beijing, China
Interview:Rowena Liu
Text:Zaha Hadid Architects
Collator:Finn Ho

主要建築師:札哈.哈蒂 派屈克.舒馬

Zaha Hadid Architects|札哈.哈蒂建築師事務所
札哈.哈蒂建築事務所是一家國際建築事務所,於 1980 年由著名建築師札哈·哈蒂成立。該事務所總部設於英國倫敦市克勒肯維爾區,在全球擁有來自 55 個國家的 450 名人員。